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導致叉車腐蝕和生銹的主要原因有哪些?

來源:http://nukkadh.com/ 日期:2020-03-03 發布人:admin

  叉車是大多數工廠不可缺少的一部分,當然也會磨損。同時,腐蝕是叉車消耗的主要原因,現在來分析一下腐蝕和生銹的主要原因到底是什么?叉車可分為內燃式叉車和電動叉車。

  Forklift is an indispensable part of most factories, and it will wear out. At the same time, corrosion is the main cause of forklift consumption. Now let's analyze the main causes of corrosion and rust. Forklift can be divided into internal combustion forklift and electric forklift.
  內燃叉車主要用于港口、碼頭、工礦等場所。應用環境惡劣,特別是在港口和化工行業。受亞熱帶、濕熱地區、海洋氣候環境、工業廢氣、揚塵等因素的誘導作用,叉車各部件腐蝕損壞,腐蝕嚴重。而蓄電池叉車多用于倉庫等室內場所,環境變化小,環境因素引起的腐蝕相對較輕。
  Internal combustion forklift is mainly used in ports, docks, industrial and mining areas. The application environment is bad, especially in port and chemical industry. Due to the inducement of subtropical zone, hot and humid area, marine climate environment, industrial waste gas, dust and other factors, all parts of forklift truck are severely corroded. The battery forklift is mostly used in indoor places such as warehouse, with small environmental change and relatively light corrosion caused by environmental factors.
  叉車內部的腐蝕環境,如燃燒的廢氣含有硫和氯離子引擎,酸霧和電池泄漏,壓力引起的振動和沖擊工作期間,和局部損傷引起的沖突和碰撞,也腐蝕的主要原因損壞的叉車部件。
濟南二手叉車
  The corrosive environment inside the forklift, such as the burning exhaust gas containing sulfur and chloride ion engine, acid mist and battery leakage, pressure induced vibration and impact during work, conflicts and collisions with local damage, also the main cause of corrosion damaged forklift components.
  金屬腐蝕的主要機理是原始金屬轉化為金屬氧化物,形成生銹、損壞甚至無法修復、報廢的結構件或部件。而油漆、橡膠、玻璃纖維等非金屬材料老化,首先是受環境誘導作用,使聚合物結構受到攻擊、降解、溶解等物理化學變化,導致外觀和功能下降。可見,叉車本身的結構、使用的信息、工藝和保護方法直接決定了叉車的耐腐蝕性。
  The main mechanism of metal corrosion is that the original metal is transformed into metal oxide to form rusty, damaged or even irreparable structural parts or components. The aging of paint, rubber, glass fiber and other non-metallic materials, first of all, is induced by the environment, so that the polymer structure is attacked, degraded, dissolved and other physical and chemical changes, resulting in the decline of appearance and function. It can be seen that the structure, information, process and protection method of forklift directly determine the corrosion resistance of forklift.

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