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關于二手叉車你知道多少?

來源:http://nukkadh.com/ 日期:2018-11-21 發布人:admin

所謂叉車是用貨叉或其他作業設備自行裝卸貨品的起升車輛。屬于物料轉移機械。廣泛使用于車站、港口、機場、工廠、庫房等國民經濟各部門,是機械化裝卸、堆垛和短間隔運送的高效設備。自行式叉車出現于1917年。第二次世界大戰期間,叉車得到開展。我國從20世紀50年代初開始制作叉車。叉車按結構分類有:平衡重叉車、前移叉車、旁邊面叉車、插腿叉車、跨車和特種叉車6類。其間平衡重叉車使用廣,常簡稱為叉車。叉車轉移的對象大多是成件物品。將貨叉換裝各種用具(叉車屬具)后,又可轉移多種貨品。

  A fork lift truck is a self lifting cargo vehicle loaded with fork or other operation equipment. It belongs to material transfer machinery. It is widely used in stations, ports, airports, factories, warehouses and other departments of the national economy. It is an efficient equipment for mechanized loading and unloading, stacking and short-interval transportation. Self propelled forklift truck appeared in 1917. The forklift was launched during the Second World War. Our country began to manufacture forklifts in early 1950s. Forklift trucks are classified by structure into six categories: balanced forklift truck, forward forklift truck, side forklift truck, legged forklift truck, crossing truck and special forklift truck. In the meantime, the balance weight forklift is the most widely used, often referred to as forklift. Most of the forklift transfer objects are articles. After changing all kinds of appliances (forklift), fork can also transfer many kinds of goods.
  叉車首要由以下幾種設備組成:①動力設備。如內燃機和蓄電池-電動機等。②傳動設備。分為機械、液力和液壓傳動設備。③轉向設備。如轉向器、轉向輪、轉向拉桿等。④作業設備。又稱門架,由內門架、外門架、貨叉架、貨叉、鏈輪、鏈條、起升油缸和歪斜油缸等組成。⑤液壓體系和制動設備。表明叉車性能的首要參數是在規范起升高度和規范載荷中心距下的額外起重量。
  Forklift truck is mainly composed of the following equipment: (1) power equipment. Such as internal combustion engines and battery motors. (2) transmission equipment. It is divided into mechanical, hydraulic and hydraulic transmission equipment. (3) steering equipment. Such as steering gear, steering wheel, steering tie bar and so on. (4) operation equipment. Also known as portal frame, by the internal portal frame, external portal frame, fork rack, fork, sprocket, chain, lifting cylinder and skew cylinder and other components. Hydraulic system and brake equipment. It shows that the primary parameter of forklift performance is the additional lifting weight under the standard lifting height and the standard load center distance.
  載荷中心距是貨品重心到貨叉筆直段前壁的間隔。 上海二手叉車總公司網址:http://www.haolan98.cn,出售二手叉車,二手電動叉車,二手內燃叉車等,咱們注重質量與效勞,優質的效勞低價的價格,是我的企業底子。二手叉車是以門架和貨叉為作業設備的自行式裝卸轉移機械。可用于裝卸﹑堆積成件貨品。替換作業設備后﹐也能用于特種物品和散料的裝卸轉移作業。
  The load center distance is the distance between the center of gravity of the goods and the front wall of the straight fork. Shanghai Second-hand Forklift Corporation website: http://www.haolan98.cn, specializing in the sale of used forklifts, second-hand electric forklifts, second-hand diesel forklifts, etc., we pay attention to quality and service, high quality service and low price, is the foundation of my enterprise. Used forklifts are self-propelled loading and unloading machines with gantry and fork as operation equipment. It can be used for loading and unloading and stacking into goods. After replacing the operation equipment, it can also be used for handling and transferring special articles and bulk materials.
  叉車由動力設備﹑輪式底盤和作業設備三個首要部分組成﹐作業設備包括門架﹑鏈條﹑叉架﹑貨叉和液壓缸等。門架為彈性結構,鉸接在車軸或車架上,通過歪斜液壓缸可前后歪斜﹐以便于裝卸貨品和帶貨行駛。起升液壓缸通過鏈條傳動使裝有貨叉的叉架沿內門架升降﹐內門架叉以外門架為導軌上下彈性﹐使叉車能以較低的門架高度﹐把貨品舉升到較高的高度。
濟南二手叉車
  Forklift truck consists of three main parts: power equipment, wheeled chassis and operation equipment. The operation equipment includes portal frame, chain, forklift, fork and hydraulic cylinder. The portal frame is an elastic structure, articulated on the axle or frame, and can be tilted back and forth through the tilted hydraulic cylinder to facilitate loading and unloading of cargo and driving with cargo. The lifting hydraulic cylinder makes the fork rack with fork lift along the inner gantry through chain transmission. The gantry rack outside the inner gantry fork is the upper and lower elasticity of the guide rail, so that the forklift truck can lift the goods to a higher height with a lower gantry height.
  依據動力設備分電瓶叉車和內燃叉車兩種。依據叉車的構造特色分直叉平衡重式﹑插腿式﹑前移式﹑側叉式以及各種特別用處的特種叉車等。其間直叉平衡重式叉車使用為遍及。 直叉平衡重式叉車。貨叉裝在車體前端﹐伸出前輪中心線外。為了平衡貨品重量發生的傾覆力矩﹐在車體尾部裝有平衡重﹐作業時依靠叉車前后移動進行叉卸貨品。 插腿式叉車。兩條臂狀的支腿伸向前方﹐支腿前端裝有小直徑的車輪﹐作業時貨叉連同支腿一起插入貨品底部﹐然后使貨叉起升。因為貨品位于車輪的支承面內﹐所以整車穩定性好。 前移式叉車。是插腿式叉車的變型﹐其貨叉可在叉車縱向前后移動﹐裝卸貨品時貨叉伸出,行駛時則退回到車體中部,整車穩定性好。 側叉式叉車。門架和貨叉面向叉車一側﹐位于車體中部﹐并可橫向一起移動﹐適用于轉移長件貨品﹐叉車行駛時﹐貨品置于車體平臺上﹐整車穩定性好。
  According to power equipment, two types of battery forklift trucks and internal combustion forklift trucks are divided. According to the structural characteristics of forklift trucks, the forklift trucks with straight fork balancing weight, inserting legs, moving forward, side fork and various special forklift trucks for special use are designed. In the meantime, straight fork heavy weight forklift truck is the most widely used. Straight fork counterweight forklift truck. The fork is mounted at the front end of the car body and extends out of the front wheel centerline. In order to balance the overturning moment of cargo weight, a balance weight is installed at the rear of the body, and the forklift truck is used to move forward and backward to unload the cargo. Plug in forklift. Two arm-shaped legs stretch forward. The front end of the legs is equipped with small diameter wheels. During operation, the fork is inserted into the bottom of the goods together with the legs, and then the fork is lifted. Because the goods are located in the supporting surface of the wheel, the vehicle is of good stability. Forward fork lift truck. It is a variant of the plug-in forklift truck, whose fork can move forward and backward longitudinally. When loading and unloading goods, the fork extends out, and when driving, it retreats to the middle of the truck body. The whole truck has good stability. Side fork forklift truck. The portal frame and fork are facing the side of the forklift truck, located in the middle of the truck body, and can move together horizontally. They are suitable for transferring long goods. When the forklift truck is running, the goods are placed on the platform of the truck body, and the stability of the whole truck is good.
  叉車的首要技術參數是額外載重量和大起升高度。叉車不光工效高﹐并且換裝方便﹐近年來開展較快﹐已廣泛選用的可換裝的作業設備有30余種。例如換裝側夾設備可轉移油桶﹑捆包﹔換裝串桿設備可轉移鋼卷﹑水泥管﹔換裝起重臂﹑吊鉤可吊裝各種重物﹔換裝鏟斗可裝卸轉移散料等。叉車機動靈活﹐適應性好﹐作業效率高﹐使用二手叉車可實現裝卸﹑轉移作業機械化﹐減少貨品破損﹐進步庫房容積的利用率和作業安全程度﹐故為各部門所廣泛選用。
  The main technical parameters of forklift are extra load and maximum lifting height. Forklift trucks not only have high efficiency, but also are easy to change. In recent years, they have developed rapidly. There are more than 30 kinds of replaceable operating equipment that have been widely used. For example, changing side clamping equipment can transfer oil drums and bundles; changing string rod equipment can transfer steel coils and cement pipes; changing lifting arms and hooks can lift various weights; changing buckets can load, unload and transfer bulk materials, etc. Forklift trucks are flexible, adaptable and efficient. Used forklift trucks can realize mechanization of loading and unloading, transfer operations, reduce the damage of goods, improve the utilization of warehouse volume and operational safety, so they are widely used by various departments.

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