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濟南叉車的車型和配置選擇!

來源:http://nukkadh.com/冷门赚钱行业 日期:2019-01-11 發布人:admin

車型和配置的選擇一般要從以下幾個方面出發:作業功能叉車的基本作業功能分為水平搬運、堆垛/取貨、裝貨/卸貨、揀選。根據企業所要達到的作業功能可以從上面介紹的車型中初步確定。另外,特殊的作業功能會影響到叉車的具體配置,如搬運的是紙卷、鐵水等,需要叉車安裝屬具來完成特殊功能。作業要求叉車的作業要求包括托盤或貨物規格、提升高度、作業通道寬度、爬坡度等一般要求,同時還需要考慮作業效率(不同的車型其效率不同)、作業習慣(如習慣坐駕還是站駕)等方面的要求。

  The selection of vehicle type and configuration should generally proceed from the following aspects: the basic operation functions of forklift truck are divided into horizontal handling, stacking/picking, loading/unloading and picking. According to the operation function that the enterprise wants to achieve, it can be preliminarily determined from the models described above. In addition, special operation functions will affect the specific configuration of forklift trucks, such as paper rolls, hot metal and so on. Forklift trucks need to install fittings to complete special functions. Operational requirements of forklift trucks include general requirements such as pallet or cargo specifications, lifting height, width of working passage, gradient, etc. At the same time, operational efficiency (different types of vehicles have different efficiency) and operational habits (such as habitual driving or standing driving) need to be considered.
  作業環境如果企業需要搬運的貨物或倉庫環境對噪音或尾氣排放等環保方面有要求,在選擇車型和配置時應有所考慮。如果是在冷庫中或是在有防爆要求的環境中,叉車的配置也應該是冷庫型或防爆型的。仔細考察叉車作業時需要經過的地點,設想可能的問題,例如,出入庫時門高對叉車是否有影響;進出電梯時,電梯高度和承載對叉車的影響;在樓上作業時,樓面承載是否達到相應要求,等等。
  Operating environment If the enterprise needs to carry goods or warehouse environment has environmental requirements such as noise or exhaust emissions, it should be considered when choosing the vehicle type and configuration. If it is in the cold storage or in the explosion-proof environment, forklift truck configuration should also be cold storage or explosion-proof. Carefully inspect the places that forklift trucks need to go through during operation, and imagine possible problems, such as whether the door height has an impact on forklift trucks when entering and leaving the warehouse, the influence of elevator height and load on forklift trucks when entering and leaving the elevator, whether the load on the floor meets the corresponding requirements when working upstairs, and so on.
濟南叉車租賃
  在選型和確定配置時,要向叉車供應商詳細描述工況,并實地勘察,以確保選購的叉車完全符合企業的需要。即使完成以上步驟的分析,仍然可能有幾種車型同時都能滿足上述要求。此時需要注意以下幾個方面:① 不同的車型,工作效率不同,那么需要的叉車數量、司機數量也不同,會導致一系列成本發生變化,詳見本文中性能評判部分關于成本的論述。② 如果叉車在倉庫內作業,不同車型所需的通道寬度不同,提升能力也有差異,由此會帶來倉庫布局的變化,如貨物存儲量的變化。③ 車型及其數量的變化,會對車隊管理等諸多方面產生影響。④ 不同車型的市場保有量不同,其售后保障能力也不同,例如:低位駕駛三向堆垛叉車和高位駕駛三向堆垛叉車同屬窄通道叉車系列,都可以在很窄的通道內 (1.5~2.0米)完成堆垛、取貨。但是前者駕駛室不能提升,因而操作視野較差,工作效率較低。
  When selecting and configuring forklift trucks, it is necessary to describe the working conditions in detail to the forklift truck suppliers and conduct field investigations to ensure that the selected forklift trucks fully meet the needs of enterprises. Even after completing the analysis of the above steps, there may still be several models that can meet the above requirements at the same time. At this time, we need to pay attention to the following aspects: 1. Different types of vehicles, different working efficiency, the number of forklifts required, the number of drivers are also different, which will lead to a series of cost changes. See the discussion on cost in the performance evaluation section of this paper. If the forklift truck works in the warehouse, the channel width required by different models is different, and the lifting capacity is also different, which will bring about changes in the layout of the warehouse, such as changes in cargo storage. (3) The change of vehicle type and its quantity will have an impact on many aspects such as fleet management. (4) Different types of vehicles have different market holdings and their after-sales support capabilities. For example, low-driving three-way stacking forklift truck and high-driving three-way stacking forklift truck belong to narrow-channel forklift series and can complete stacking and picking up goods in very narrow channels (1.5-2.0 meters). However, the former cab can not be upgraded, so the operating field is poor and the work efficiency is low.
  由于后者能完全覆蓋前者的功能,而且性能更出眾,因此在歐洲后者的市場銷量比前者超出4~5倍,在中國則達到6倍以上。因此大部分供應商都側重發展高位駕駛三向堆垛叉車,而低位駕駛三向堆垛叉車只是用在小噸位、提升高度低(一般在6米以內)的工況下。在市場銷量很少時,其售后服務的工程師數量、工程師經驗、配件庫存水平等服務能力就會相對較弱。要對以上幾個方面的影響綜合評估后,選擇合理的方案。
  Because the latter can fully cover the functions of the former, and its performance is better, the market sales of the latter in Europe are 4-5 times higher than that of the former, while in China they are more than 6 times higher. Therefore, most suppliers focus on the development of high-driving three-way stacking forklift, while low-driving three-way stacking forklift is only used in small tonnage, low lifting height (generally within 6 meters). When the market sales are small, the number of engineers, Engineer experience, spare parts inventory level and other service capabilities will be relatively weak. After comprehensive evaluation of the impact of the above aspects, we should choose the most reasonable scheme.

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