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叉车作业修理安全规则!

来源:/ 日期:2019-01-23 发布人:admin

  叉车作业修理安全规则修理作业的要求和安全规则分别介绍如下:

  Safety Rules for Forklift Operations Repair Requirements and Safety Rules for Repair Operations are described as follows:
  1.修理作业的要求
  1. Requirements for repairs
  1)所有重要零件在装配以前,必须彻底清洗,并用压缩空气吹干净。
  1) All important parts must be thoroughly cleaned and blown clean with compressed air before assembly.
  2)零件的加工接触面,凡影响质量的缺陷,均应修整。
  2) All defects affecting the quality of the machined contact surfaces of parts should be repaired.
  3)螺栓螺母所使用的平垫圈•●、弹簧垫圈•●、开口销•●、保险垫片等,应按规定装配齐全。
  3) Flat washers, spring washers, open pins and safety gaskets used in bolts and nuts shall be fully assembled in accordance with regulations.
  4)主要的螺栓如有变形或拉长应更换,螺栓的螺纹均应伸出螺母一至三牙范围内。一般螺栓允许螺纹不低于螺母,在不妨碍使用的情况下,可伸出螺母三牙以上。
  4) The main bolts should be replaced if they are deformed or elongated, and the threads of the bolts should extend from the first to the third teeth of the nuts. Generally, bolts are allowed to have threads no less than nuts. Without prejudice to their use, nuts with three teeth or more can be extended.
  5)凡有规定紧度的螺母及螺栓,应按规定使用扭力扳手拧紧。
  5) All nuts and bolts with specified tightness shall be tightened with a torque wrench as required.
  6)用过的铜皮•●、铁皮•●、石棉衬垫•●、纸衬垫及软木衬垫等,在完全合用的条件下,仍可装用。各种垫片不得涂漆片。
  6) Copper sheet, iron sheet, asbestos liner, paper liner and cork liner used can still be installed under fully applicable conditions. All kinds of gaskets must not be painted.
  7)皮质油封在装配前,必须浸入加热至60℃的机油和煤油各半的混合油中5-8min方可装用;橡胶质油封在摩擦部位应涂齿轮油,在装时,油封的铁壳外周及座圈应涂以锌白漆。
  7) Before assembling, the leather oil seal must be immersed in a mixture of oil heated to 60 C and kerosene for 5-8 minutes before assembling; the rubber oil seal should be coated with gear oil at the frictional part; while assembling, the iron shell and seat ring of the oil seal should be coated with zinc white paint.
  8)机件的加工面不可用铁锤直接敲打,必须垫以软金属板或垫棒。
  8) The machined surface of the machine parts can not be directly knocked by hammer, but must be padded with soft metal plate or pad rod.
  9)液压泵•●、液力分配器•●、液力转向装置应进行检测,测试后方可局部或全部解体进行检修。
  9) Hydraulic pumps, hydraulic distributors and hydraulic steering devices should be tested before they can be partially or totally disintegrated for repair.
  10)电线的焊接,应用松香作焊剂,不得用酸液作焊剂。
  10) Rosin shall be used as flux and acid shall not be used as flux for wire welding.
  2.安全规则
  2. Safety Rules
  1)拆卸提升装置时,应挂在起重设备上,再分解卸下连接件,向前上方提拉使之与车架分开。
  1) When disassembling the lifting device, it should be hung on the lifting equipment, disassembled and disassembled, and pulled forward and upward to separate it from the frame.
  2)在车底进行修理时,应挂“正在修理”的标志牌。应拉紧驻车制动器,并用三角木塞塞住车轮。
  2) When underneath the car is repaired, the sign "under repair" should be hung. The parking brake should be tightened and the wheel should be plugged with a triangular cork.
  3)用千斤顶顶车时,千斤顶应放置平稳,人应在车的外侧。架车时,应用架车凳,禁止用砖头或其他容易破碎的物体架车。
  3) When jacking a car, the jack should be placed smoothly and the person should be on the outside of the car. When erecting a car, the bench shall be used. Bricks or other fragile objects shall not be used for erecting a car.
济南二手叉车
  4)用千斤顶顶起卸下车轮后,不许在该车上或车下工作。
  4) After lifting and unloading wheels with a jack, it is not allowed to work on or under the vehicle.
  5)用千斤顶使车轮放下时,应检查周围是否有障碍物,有无压着自己的危险,打开液压开关要缓慢。
  5) When the wheel is lowered by a jack, it is necessary to check whether there are obstacles around it, whether there is any danger of pressing itself, and to open the hydraulic switch slowly.
  6)发动机发动前要检查油底壳内的机油,散热器内的冷却水,变速杆是否在空档位置,并拉紧驻车制动器。
  6) Before starting the engine, check the oil in the oil pan, the cooling water in the radiator, whether the transmission rod is in neutral position, and tighten the parking brake.
  7)被调整或被试验的车,应具有完好的起动机,如用手摇柄起动发动机时,手指应在手柄的一侧,在下而上提动以防反击伤人。
  7) The vehicle being adjusted or tested shall have a sound starting mechanism. For example, when starting the engine with a handle, the finger shall be moved on one side of the handle, up and down, in order to prevent counterattack.
  8)试验进行过程中,禁止为排除不良状态而进行的任何支垫•●、紧固和调整作业。
  8) In the course of the test, no cushioning, fastening and adjusting operations are prohibited for the purpose of eliminating bad conditions.
  9)在车间内起动发动机进行检查调整时,应打开门窗使空气畅通。
  9) When checking and adjusting the starting engine in the workshop, the doors and windows should be opened to make the air unblocked.
  10)试验发动机时,不得在车下工作。
  10) When testing the engine, it shall not work under the vehicle.
  11)发动机起动后,应检查各仪表的工作是否正常。
  11) After starting the engine, check whether the instruments are working properly.

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