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叉車作業修理安全規則!

來源:http://nukkadh.com/冷门赚钱行业 日期:2019-01-23 發布人:admin

  叉車作業修理安全規則修理作業的要求和安全規則分別介紹如下:

  Safety Rules for Forklift Operations Repair Requirements and Safety Rules for Repair Operations are described as follows:
  1.修理作業的要求
  1. Requirements for repairs
  1)所有重要零件在裝配以前,必須徹底清洗,并用壓縮空氣吹干凈。
  1) All important parts must be thoroughly cleaned and blown clean with compressed air before assembly.
  2)零件的加工接觸面,凡影響質量的缺陷,均應修整。
  2) All defects affecting the quality of the machined contact surfaces of parts should be repaired.
  3)螺栓螺母所使用的平墊圈、彈簧墊圈、開口銷、保險墊片等,應按規定裝配齊全。
  3) Flat washers, spring washers, open pins and safety gaskets used in bolts and nuts shall be fully assembled in accordance with regulations.
  4)主要的螺栓如有變形或拉長應更換,螺栓的螺紋均應伸出螺母一至三牙范圍內。一般螺栓允許螺紋不低于螺母,在不妨礙使用的情況下,可伸出螺母三牙以上。
  4) The main bolts should be replaced if they are deformed or elongated, and the threads of the bolts should extend from the first to the third teeth of the nuts. Generally, bolts are allowed to have threads no less than nuts. Without prejudice to their use, nuts with three teeth or more can be extended.
  5)凡有規定緊度的螺母及螺栓,應按規定使用扭力扳手擰緊。
  5) All nuts and bolts with specified tightness shall be tightened with a torque wrench as required.
  6)用過的銅皮、鐵皮、石棉襯墊、紙襯墊及軟木襯墊等,在完全合用的條件下,仍可裝用。各種墊片不得涂漆片。
  6) Copper sheet, iron sheet, asbestos liner, paper liner and cork liner used can still be installed under fully applicable conditions. All kinds of gaskets must not be painted.
  7)皮質油封在裝配前,必須浸入加熱至60℃的機油和煤油各半的混合油中5-8min方可裝用;橡膠質油封在摩擦部位應涂齒輪油,在裝時,油封的鐵殼外周及座圈應涂以鋅白漆。
  7) Before assembling, the leather oil seal must be immersed in a mixture of oil heated to 60 C and kerosene for 5-8 minutes before assembling; the rubber oil seal should be coated with gear oil at the frictional part; while assembling, the iron shell and seat ring of the oil seal should be coated with zinc white paint.
  8)機件的加工面不可用鐵錘直接敲打,必須墊以軟金屬板或墊棒。
  8) The machined surface of the machine parts can not be directly knocked by hammer, but must be padded with soft metal plate or pad rod.
  9)液壓泵、液力分配器、液力轉向裝置應進行檢測,測試后方可局部或全部解體進行檢修。
  9) Hydraulic pumps, hydraulic distributors and hydraulic steering devices should be tested before they can be partially or totally disintegrated for repair.
  10)電線的焊接,應用松香作焊劑,不得用酸液作焊劑。
  10) Rosin shall be used as flux and acid shall not be used as flux for wire welding.
  2.安全規則
  2. Safety Rules
  1)拆卸提升裝置時,應掛在起重設備上,再分解卸下連接件,向前上方提拉使之與車架分開。
  1) When disassembling the lifting device, it should be hung on the lifting equipment, disassembled and disassembled, and pulled forward and upward to separate it from the frame.
  2)在車底進行修理時,應掛“正在修理”的標志牌。應拉緊駐車制動器,并用三角木塞塞住車輪。
  2) When underneath the car is repaired, the sign "under repair" should be hung. The parking brake should be tightened and the wheel should be plugged with a triangular cork.
  3)用千斤頂頂車時,千斤頂應放置平穩,人應在車的外側。架車時,應用架車凳,禁止用磚頭或其他容易破碎的物體架車。
  3) When jacking a car, the jack should be placed smoothly and the person should be on the outside of the car. When erecting a car, the bench shall be used. Bricks or other fragile objects shall not be used for erecting a car.
濟南二手叉車
  4)用千斤頂頂起卸下車輪后,不許在該車上或車下工作。
  4) After lifting and unloading wheels with a jack, it is not allowed to work on or under the vehicle.
  5)用千斤頂使車輪放下時,應檢查周圍是否有障礙物,有無壓著自己的危險,打開液壓開關要緩慢。
  5) When the wheel is lowered by a jack, it is necessary to check whether there are obstacles around it, whether there is any danger of pressing itself, and to open the hydraulic switch slowly.
  6)發動機發動前要檢查油底殼內的機油,散熱器內的冷卻水,變速桿是否在空檔位置,并拉緊駐車制動器。
  6) Before starting the engine, check the oil in the oil pan, the cooling water in the radiator, whether the transmission rod is in neutral position, and tighten the parking brake.
  7)被調整或被試驗的車,應具有完好的起動機,如用手搖柄起動發動機時,手指應在手柄的一側,在下而上提動以防反擊傷人。
  7) The vehicle being adjusted or tested shall have a sound starting mechanism. For example, when starting the engine with a handle, the finger shall be moved on one side of the handle, up and down, in order to prevent counterattack.
  8)試驗進行過程中,禁止為排除不良狀態而進行的任何支墊、緊固和調整作業。
  8) In the course of the test, no cushioning, fastening and adjusting operations are prohibited for the purpose of eliminating bad conditions.
  9)在車間內起動發動機進行檢查調整時,應打開門窗使空氣暢通。
  9) When checking and adjusting the starting engine in the workshop, the doors and windows should be opened to make the air unblocked.
  10)試驗發動機時,不得在車下工作。
  10) When testing the engine, it shall not work under the vehicle.
  11)發動機起動后,應檢查各儀表的工作是否正常。
  11) After starting the engine, check whether the instruments are working properly.

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