如何正確選擇污水鼓風機類型?

         

環保工程師

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MUQIAN,GUONEIDEERJISHENGWUCHULIWUSHUICHANGDADUOSHUCAIYONGGUFENGPUQIGONGYI,ERGUFENGJISHICIGONGYIZHONGZUIWEIGUANJIANDESHEBEI,GUFENGJIDENENGHAOYOUSHIZHANWUSHUICHANGDEZONGNENGHAODE60%ZUOYOU,YINCIWUSHUICHULICHANGXUANYONGHEZHONGXINGSHIDEFENGJISHIYIGEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEWENTI。FENGJIXUANZEZHENGQUEYUFOUYUTOUZIDAXIAOHEYUNXINGGUANLIFEIYONGMIQIEXIANGGUAN,SHEJIDAOTOUZISHIFOUHELI、CHANGQIXIAOYIGAODIWENTI。

FENGJIDEZHONGLEIZHUYAOYOULUOCIFENGJI,DUOJILIXINFENGJIHEDANJILIXINFENGJI,JINNIANYOUCHUXIANLECIXUANFUHEQIXUANFUFENGJI。XIAMIANZHIZHENDUIMUQIANWUSHUICHANGYINGYONGDEJIAODUODELUOCIFENGJI、DUOJILIXINFENGJIHEDANJILIXINFENGJIJINXINGBIJIAOSHUOMING。

各種風機的原理和基本特點

1、羅茨風機

1. 1? 羅茨風機的工作原理

YOUYUZHUANZIDEBUDUANXUANZHUAN,BEICHOUQITICONGJINQIKOUXIRUDAOZHUANZIYUBENGKEZHIJIANDEKONGJIANv0 NEI,ZAIJINGPAIQIKOUPAICHU。YOUYUXIQIHOUv0 KONGJIANSHIQUANFENGBIZHUANGTAI,SUOYIZAIBENGQIANGNEIQITIMEIYOUYASUOHEPENGZHANG。DANDANGZHUANZIDINGBUZHUANGUOPAIQIKOUBIANYUAN,v0 KONGJIANYUPAIQICEXIANGTONGSHI,YOUYUPAIQICEQITIYAQIANGJIAOGAO,ZEYOUYIBUFENQITIFANCHONGDAOKONGJIANv0 ZHONGQU,SHIQITIYAQIANGTURANZENGGAO。DANGZHUANZIJIXUZHUANDONGSHI,QITIPAICHUBENGWAI。

1. 2? 羅茨風機的特點

  • ①JIAGEDI,ZUIJIANDANDEHUIZHUANJIXIE,YIYUKONGZHIHEWEIHU;

  • ②YALISUIBEIYABIANHUA;XIAOLIULIANGGAOSUFENGJIXIAOLVJIAOGAO;

  • ③XIAOLVYIBANDIYUDUOJI、DANJILIXINFENGJI;

  • ④LIULIANGDAYU120m3/ min SHIZHANDIMIANJIDA。

2、多級離心風機

2. 1? 多級離心風機的工作原理

LIXINGUFENGJIYIKAOXUANZHUANXIELUNDUIQITIDEZUOYONGBADIANJIDEJIXIENENGCHUANDIGEIYETI。YOUYULIXINGUFENGJIDEZUOYONG,QITICONGXIELUNJINKOULIUXIANGCHUKOUDEGUOCHENGZHONG, QISUDUNENG(DONGNENG)HEYALINENGDOUDEDAOZENGJIA,BEIXIELUNPAICHUDEQITIJINGGUOYACHUSHI,DABUFENSUDUNENGZHUANHUANCHENGYALINENG,RANHOUYANPAICHUGUANLUSHUSONGCHUQU,ZHESHI,XIELUNJINKOUCHUYINQITIDEPAICHUERXINGCHENGZHENKONGHUODIYA,QITIZAIDAQIYADEZUOYONGXIABEIYARUXIELUNDEJINKOU,YUSHIXUANZHUANZHUDEXIELUNJIULIANXUBUDUANDIXIRUHEPAICHUQITI。

2. 2? 多級離心風機的特點

  • ①DIZHUANSUJIXIE,KEKAOXINGGAO,SHIYONGSHOUMINGCHANG;

  • ②GOUMAICHENGBENJIAODI;BEIJIANWEIBIAOZHUNJIAN,FEIYONGDI;BUXUYAOFUZADERUNHUAXITONG;

  • ③YIYUCAIYONGQUANFENGLENGSHISHEJI,WULENGQUESHUIXIANGGUANGUZHANGHEWEIBAOFEIYONG;

  • ④CAOZUOWEIHUJIANDAN,BUXUYAOTEBIEXUNLIANDECAOZUOWEIXIURENYUAN(ZHEDUIYUYUANLIDADOUSHIDEGONGCHANGHENZHONGYAO) ;

  • ⑤MANZAIXIAOLVGAOYULUOCIFENGJI,LVEDIYUDANJILIXINFENGJI;

  • ⑥DIANJIGONGLVXIAOYU400kWDEJIXINGKEXUANYONGBIANPINDIAOSUHEZHILIANQUDONGFANGSHI,KEDADATIGAOBUFENFUZAIDEGONGZUOXIAOLV。ZAIDABUFENGONGKUANGXIA,BIANPINDIAOSUDEDUOJILIXINJIXIAOLVHUIGAOYUDANJILIXINJI,YOUYUBUFENFUZAISHIWUSHUICHULICHANGZUIDIANXINGDEGONGKUANG,YINCIDUOJILIXINFENGJIDUIYUZHONGXIAOXINGWUSHUICHULICHANGLAISHUOJUYOUGENGHAODEXINGNENGJIAGEBIHELIANGHAODECHANGDUANQIXIAOYI;

  • ⑦ZAOYINDIYULUOCIFENGJIHEDANJILIXINFENGJI;

  • ⑧DANJILIULIANGZAI100~400m3/ min SHIJUYOUZUIHAODEXINGNENGJIAGEBI。

3、單級高速離心風機

3. 1? 單級離心風機的工作原理

JIBENYUANLIYUDUOJILIXINFENGJIYIYANG。KONGQICONGGUFENGJIXIRUGUANJINRUJINKOUDAOXIEDIAOJIEQI。ZHUQUDONGDIANJIJIEZHULIANZHOUQIYUZENGSUCHILUNLIANJIE,ZENGSUCHILUNQUDONGGAOSUZHUANDONGDESANYUANBANKAISHIXIELUNDUIQITIJINXINGZUOGONG,QITIZAIJINGKUOYAQI、GUASHI、PAIQIXIAOSHENGQI、KUOYAGUANPAICHU。

3. 2??單級離心風機的特點

  • ①GAOZHUANSU(YIBANCHAOGUO20000r/ min) ,ZAOYINGAO;

  • ②MANZAIXIAOLVGAO,WUFACAIYONGBIANPINDIAOSU,BUFENFUZAINENGHAOGAO;

  • ③DALIULIANGXIANGDUIZHANDIMIANJIXIAO;

  • ④KONGZHIXITONGFEICHANGFUZA;RUNHUAXITONGFEICHANGFUZA;WEIHUBAOYANGFUZA,DAXIUBIXUQINGZHIZAOYUANCHANGZHIYUAN;

  • ⑤XUYAOTEBIEXUNLIANDECAOZUORENYUAN;

  • ⑥SHEBEITOUZIDA;DANJILIULIANGDAYU300m3/ min DEXINGNENGJIAGEBIGAO。

三種風機綜合對比

MUQIANGUONEIDESHIZHENGWUSHUICHANGDEFENGJIYIJINKOUCHANPINJUDUO,XIAMIANBIJIAOSHIJIANLIZAIJINKOUFENGJIDEGEXIANGCANSHUSHANGDE:

SANZHONGFENGJIDENENGHAODUIBIJIAN:SANZHONGFENGJILIULIANG—GONGLVQUXIANTU(JIANTU1) 。ZAILIULIANGJIAOXIAOSHI,SANZHONGFENGJIXIAOLVCHAYIBUSHIHENXIANZHU;DUIYUDALIULIANGFENGJI,YOUYULUOCISHIZHUANSUWUFATIGAO,XIAOLVJIAODI;LINGLIANGZHONGLIXINFENGJICHAJUJIAOXIAO。

SANZHONGFENGJIDETOUZICHENGBENDUIBIJIAN:SANZHONGFENGJILIULIANG—DANWEILIULIANGCHENGBENQUXIANTU(JIANTU2)。CONGSHANGMIANQUXIANTUKEYIKANCHU:

  • ①XIAOLIULIANGFANWEI:SANZHONGFENGJIDENENGHAOXIANGCHAHENXIAO,DANSHILUOCIGUFENGJIDECHENGBENZUIDI,XINGJIABIZUIHAO。

  • ②ZHONGLIULIANGFANWEI:SUIRANDUOJILIXINFENGJICHENGBENBILUOCIGUFENGJISHAOGAO,DANSHIQINENGHAODI、XIAOLVGAO,XINGJIABIZUIHAO。

  • ③DALIULIANGFANWEI:DANJILIXINCHENGBENZUIDI,NENGHAOYEZUIDI,XINGJIABIZUIHAO。

LIXINFENGJIDELIULIANGDIAOJIE- BUFENFUZAIGONGHAO(JIANTU3) 。CONGSHANGMIANQUXIANTUKEYIKANCHU:

  • ①BUFENFUZAI:ZAIJINXINGFENGJIXUANXINGSHI,LIULIANGHEYALIHUIYOUYIDINGDESHEJIYULIANG,TEBIESHILIULIANG,YIBANHUIYOU20 %~30 %DEYULIANG;TONGSHIYOUYUWUSHUILIANGHESHUIZHIDEBODONG,MEISHIMEIKESUOXUDEFENGLIANGYEZAIBIANHUA。SUOYIYANGEDISHUO,FENGJIZONGSHIZAIBUFENFUZAIERZONGSHIMANZAI,YINERBIXUDUIFENGJIDELIULIANGJINXINGDIAOJIE。

  • ②DANJILIXINFENGJILIULIANGDIAOJIE:BIXUCAIYONGJINKOUDAOXIEHECHUKOUDAOXIEDIAOJIE,DANDANGLIULIANGJIANXIAOSHI,GONGHAOBINGBUSHITONGBILIJIANXIAO(RUTU3 SHI) ,YINCIBUFENFUZAIDEXIAOLVDI,NENGHAODA。

  • ③DUOJILIXINFENGJILIULIANGDIAOJIE:YIBANCAIYONGRUKOUDIEFASHOUDONGHUOZIDONGDIAOJIE,DANJIENENGXIAOGUOYUDANJIYIYANGBULIXIANG。HIBON GONGSIDUIYUZHONGXIAOGONGLV( ≤400KW) DUOJILIXINFENGJICAIYONGXIANJINDEBIANPINDIAOSUJISHU,GONGHAOJIBENSHANGYULIULIANGTONGBUJIANXIAO,BUFENFUZAIDEXIAOLVGAO。

結論

YOUSHANGMIANDEBIJIAOKEJIAN,SANZHONGFENGJIGEYOUYOUSHI(ZHEZHENGSHITAMENTONGSHICUNZAIDELIYOU) 。FENGJIXUANXINGMEIYOUZUIHAODE,ZHIYOUZUISHIHEDE。BUTONGGUIMODEWUSHUICHULICHANG,BUTONGDEGONGYI,BUTONGDETOUZIMUDE,BUTONGDESHIYONGTIAOJIANDECHUDEZUIJIAXUANZEKENENGBUTONG。

①DUIYUXIAOXINGWUSHUICHULICHANG,XUANZEJIANDANKEKAODELUOCIFENGJISHIZUIHAODE,SUIRANXIAOLVCHAYIXIE,DANYINJIAGEDI,ZONGTIJIAGEJINGJIXIAOYIKENENGSHIZUIHAODE;

②DUIYUZHONGXINGWUSHUICHULICHANG,XUANZEJINGJISHIYONGDEDUOJILIXINJISHIZUIHAODE,TEBIESHIBIANPINDIAOSUDUOJILIXINJI,JUYOUJIGAODEXINGNENGJIAGEBI,CHANGQIZONGHEJINGJIXIAOYIJIA;

③DUIYUDAXINGWUSHUICHULICHANG,DANJIGAOSULIXINFENGJISHIZUIJIAXUANZE。