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维修叉车的基本理论是什么?

来源:/ 日期:2019-07-03 发布人:admin

  1•●、叉车的固有牢靠性是由叉车的每个机件的设计和制造所肯定:优秀的维修在于预防和阻止机件的牢靠性随运用时间降落, 使其每个机件到达或接近曾经具有的固有牢靠性。

  1. The inherent reliability of forklift trucks is confirmed by the design and manufacture of each part of the forklift truck: excellent maintenance is to prevent and prevent the reliability of the parts from falling with the operation time, so that each part of the forklift truck can reach or approach the inherent reliability it once had.
  2•●、把叉车毛病结果作为预防维修工作的依据:叉车预防维修工作的主要依据是毛病结果。毛病结果可分四类: 平安性结果: 是指可能的机毁人亡; 运用性结果: 是指直接的叉车维修费用和间接的经济损失, 或影响任务的完成; 非便用性结果: _是指只包括直接的叉车维修费用; 隐患性结果: 是指由于荫蔽功用毛病而未被发现和扫除, 可能形成继发性多重毛病而呈现风险性结果。
  2. Take the results of forklift truck faults as the basis of preventive maintenance work: the main basis of forklift truck preventive maintenance work is the results of faults. The results of defects can be divided into four categories: safety results: referring to possible machine damage; operational results: referring to direct forklift maintenance costs and indirect economic losses, or affecting the completion of tasks; inconvenient results: referring to direct forklift maintenance costs only; hidden results: referring to non-hair due to shade function defects Now and clean up, may form secondary multiple problems and present risk results.
  3•●、叉车设备的设计特性决议毛病结果:叉车预防维修只能顶防毛病的产生和减少毛病的频率, 但不能改动毛病的结果二但是, 经过改良设计能够将平安性结果降为经济性结果, 隐敝功用转为明显功用。
  3. The design characteristic of forklift equipment decides the defect result: Forklift preventive maintenance can only prevent the occurrence of the defect and reduce the frequency of the defect, but can not change the defect result 2. However, through the improved design, the safety result can be reduced to the economic result, and the hidden function can be changed to the obvious function.
  4•●、改动传统的定期叉车预防维修方式:定期预防维修关于顶防与时间有关的毛病( 如耗损明毛病), 降低总毛病率是有效的。但关于有许多不同毛病形式的复杂机件( 或设备)假如不存在一种占支配位置的毛病形式, 或关于随机型毛病它们的牢靠性都不随或简直不随意日时间的增加而降落。因此是无效的。
  4. Change the traditional preventive maintenance mode of regular forklift truck: Regular preventive maintenance is effective in reducing the total defect rate of top prevention and time-related faults (such as wear-and-tear faults). But the reliability of complex machine parts (or equipment) with many different fault forms does not fall with or almost at random with the increase of day time if there is no dominant fault form or random fault. So it is invalid.
  5•●、叉车维修方式的改动:叉车维修方式不只有定时方式, 还有视情方式和监控方式。定时方式: 以工作时间肯定维修周期, 依照统一规则的时间, 不管设备的技术情况如何停止卸拆维修的控制方式。其适用条件: 发作毛病的可能性在一定运用时间后疾速增加;确有耗损性毛病, 且在此之前机件有很大的生存概率; 经过维修牢靠性能恢复到原有的程度。
  5. Forklift truck maintenance mode change: Forklift truck maintenance mode is not only timing mode, but also situation-based mode and monitoring mode. Timing method: confirm the maintenance cycle by working time, according to the time of unified rules, no matter how the technical situation of the equipment stops disassembly and maintenance control mode. Its applicable conditions: the possibility of breakdown increases rapidly after a certain period of operation; there are indeed wear-and-tear problems, and before that, there is a great probability of survival of the machine parts; after maintenance, the reliability can be restored to the original level.
济南二手叉车
  6•●、“以牢靠性为中心的叉车维修”思想指导制定叉车维修大纲:制定预防叉车维修大纲的目的应能保证叉车设备的固有牢靠性程度; 当牢靠性降低时, 应能恢复其固有程度; 依据运用获得的数据, `修正某些已证明`固有牢靠性低的机件设计: 以最低的费用来到达上述目的。
  6. "Reliability-centered forklift maintenance" guides the formulation of forklift maintenance outline: the purpose of formulating preventive forklift maintenance outline should ensure the inherent reliability of forklift equipment; when reliability decreases, it should be able to restore its inherent degree; according to the data obtained from application, `correct some of the proven `inherent reliability is low. Machine parts design: to achieve the above purpose at the lowest cost.
  7•●、完成了叉车产需对话:产需对话是叉车维修工程和维修性工程放到了正确的位置` 维修工程代表了运用者的需求, 其作用是经常坚持和疾速恢复产品设备处于良好和工作准备状态“ 维修性代表了设计者和消费者对运用者需求的响应, 其作用是保证产品设备易于维修。
  7. Completed the forklift production-demand dialogue: the production-demand dialogue is that the forklift maintenance engineering and maintainability engineering have been put in the right place `The maintenance engineering represents the needs of users, its role is to constantly adhere to and quickly restore the product equipment in good and working readiness'`The maintainability represents the needs of designers and consumers for users. Response, its role is to ensure that product equipment is easy to maintain.
  8•●、叉车时间要素:时间是一个重要要素, 用它作为叉车设备效能的一个共同量度。
  8. Forklift time factor: time is an important factor, which is used as a common measure of forklift equipment efficiency.
  9•●、叉车维修材料的搜集和剖析:在叉车设备的整个运用期内, 必需不时搜集叉车维修数据材料, 剖析研讨其牢靠性特性, 为制定维修大纲和设备改良提供信息。数据材料主要包括:叉车设备实践呈现的毛病类型•●、形式和频率; 每一毛病的结果; 某些毛病型式的机理; 毛病前的工作时间:抗毛病才能的降落速度: ; 维修人力;叉车费用和时间; 叉车维修大纲的顺应性和有效性; 叉车维修。
  9. Collection and analysis of forklift maintenance materials: During the whole operation period of forklift equipment, it is necessary to collect forklift maintenance data materials from time to time, analyze and discuss its reliability characteristics, and provide inion for the formulation of maintenance outline and equipment improvement. Data materials mainly include: types, forms and frequencies of faults in forklift equipment practice; results of each faults; mechanism of some faults; working hours before faults: falling speed of faults resistance ability; maintenance manpower; forklift cost and time; compliance and effectiveness of forklift maintenance outline; forklift maintenance.

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