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維修叉車的基本理論是什么?

來源:http://nukkadh.com/ 日期:2019-07-03 發布人:admin

  1、叉車的固有牢靠性是由叉車的每個機件的設計和制造所肯定:的維修在于預防和阻止機件的牢靠性隨運用時間降落, 使其每個機件到達或接近曾經具有的固有牢靠性。

  1. The inherent reliability of forklift trucks is confirmed by the design and manufacture of each part of the forklift truck: excellent maintenance is to prevent and prevent the reliability of the parts from falling with the operation time, so that each part of the forklift truck can reach or approach the inherent reliability it once had.
  2、把叉車毛病結果作為預防維修工作的依據:叉車預防維修工作的主要依據是毛病結果。毛病結果可分四類: 平安性結果: 是指可能的機毀人亡; 運用性結果: 是指直接的叉車維修費用和間接的經濟損失, 或影響任務的完成; 非便用性結果: _是指只包括直接的叉車維修費用; 隱患性結果: 是指由于蔭蔽功用毛病而未被發現和掃除, 可能形成繼發性多重毛病而呈現風險性結果。
  2. Take the results of forklift truck faults as the basis of preventive maintenance work: the main basis of forklift truck preventive maintenance work is the results of faults. The results of defects can be divided into four categories: safety results: referring to possible machine damage; operational results: referring to direct forklift maintenance costs and indirect economic losses, or affecting the completion of tasks; inconvenient results: referring to direct forklift maintenance costs only; hidden results: referring to non-hair due to shade function defects Now and clean up, may form secondary multiple problems and present risk results.
  3、叉車設備的設計特性決議毛病結果:叉車預防維修只能頂防毛病的產生和減少毛病的頻率, 但不能改動毛病的結果二但是, 經過改良設計能夠將平安性結果降為經濟性結果, 隱敝功用轉為明顯功用。
  3. The design characteristic of forklift equipment decides the defect result: Forklift preventive maintenance can only prevent the occurrence of the defect and reduce the frequency of the defect, but can not change the defect result 2. However, through the improved design, the safety result can be reduced to the economic result, and the hidden function can be changed to the obvious function.
  4、改動傳統的定期叉車預防維修方式:定期預防維修關于頂防與時間有關的毛病( 如耗損明毛病), 降低總毛病率是有效的。但關于有許多不同毛病形式的復雜機件( 或設備)假如不存在一種占支配位置的毛病形式, 或關于隨機型毛病它們的牢靠性都不隨或簡直不隨意日時間的增加而降落。因此是無效的。
  4. Change the traditional preventive maintenance mode of regular forklift truck: Regular preventive maintenance is effective in reducing the total defect rate of top prevention and time-related faults (such as wear-and-tear faults). But the reliability of complex machine parts (or equipment) with many different fault forms does not fall with or almost at random with the increase of day time if there is no dominant fault form or random fault. So it is invalid.
  5、叉車維修方式的改動:叉車維修方式不只有定時方式, 還有視情方式和監控方式。定時方式: 以工作時間肯定維修周期, 依照統一規則的時間, 不管設備的技術情況如何停止卸拆維修的控制方式。其適用條件: 發作毛病的可能性在一定運用時間后疾速增加;確有耗損性毛病, 且在此之前機件有很大的生存概率; 經過維修牢靠性能恢復到原有的程度。
  5. Forklift truck maintenance mode change: Forklift truck maintenance mode is not only timing mode, but also situation-based mode and monitoring mode. Timing method: confirm the maintenance cycle by working time, according to the time of unified rules, no matter how the technical situation of the equipment stops disassembly and maintenance control mode. Its applicable conditions: the possibility of breakdown increases rapidly after a certain period of operation; there are indeed wear-and-tear problems, and before that, there is a great probability of survival of the machine parts; after maintenance, the reliability can be restored to the original level.
濟南二手叉車
  6、“以牢靠性為中心的叉車維修”思想指導制定叉車維修大綱:制定預防叉車維修大綱的目的應能保證叉車設備的固有牢靠性程度; 當牢靠性降低時, 應能恢復其固有程度; 依據運用獲得的數據, `修正某些已證明`固有牢靠性低的機件設計: 以低的費用來到達上述目的。
  6. "Reliability-centered forklift maintenance" guides the formulation of forklift maintenance outline: the purpose of formulating preventive forklift maintenance outline should ensure the inherent reliability of forklift equipment; when reliability decreases, it should be able to restore its inherent degree; according to the data obtained from application, `correct some of the proven `inherent reliability is low. Machine parts design: to achieve the above purpose at the lowest cost.
  7、完成了叉車產需對話:產需對話是叉車維修工程和維修性工程放到了正確的位置` 維修工程代表了運用者的需求, 其作用是經常堅持和疾速恢復產品設備處于良好和工作準備狀態“ 維修性代表了設計者和消費者對運用者需求的響應, 其作用是保證產品設備易于維修。
  7. Completed the forklift production-demand dialogue: the production-demand dialogue is that the forklift maintenance engineering and maintainability engineering have been put in the right place `The maintenance engineering represents the needs of users, its role is to constantly adhere to and quickly restore the product equipment in good and working readiness'`The maintainability represents the needs of designers and consumers for users. Response, its role is to ensure that product equipment is easy to maintain.
  8、叉車時間要素:時間是一個重要要素, 用它作為叉車設備效能的一個共同量度。
  8. Forklift time factor: time is an important factor, which is used as a common measure of forklift equipment efficiency.
  9、叉車維修材料的搜集和剖析:在叉車設備的整個運用期內, 必需不時搜集叉車維修數據材料, 剖析研討其牢靠性特性, 為制定維修大綱和設備改良提供信息。數據材料主要包括:叉車設備實踐呈現的毛病類型、形式和頻率; 每一毛病的結果; 某些毛病型式的機理; 毛病前的工作時間:抗毛病才能的降落速度: ; 維修人力;叉車費用和時間; 叉車維修大綱的順應性和有效性; 叉車維修。
  9. Collection and analysis of forklift maintenance materials: During the whole operation period of forklift equipment, it is necessary to collect forklift maintenance data materials from time to time, analyze and discuss its reliability characteristics, and provide information for the formulation of maintenance outline and equipment improvement. Data materials mainly include: types, forms and frequencies of faults in forklift equipment practice; results of each faults; mechanism of some faults; working hours before faults: falling speed of faults resistance ability; maintenance manpower; forklift cost and time; compliance and effectiveness of forklift maintenance outline; forklift maintenance.

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