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叉車離合器怎么保養?

來源:http://nukkadh.com/ 日期:2018-12-07 發布人:admin

叉車離合器的別離軸承作業很頻繁,其損壞次數在二手叉車故障中占的份額很大,如司機操作較好,保養及時,可使此軸承運用3個月左右,但在中修時也必須要換新的。若司機技術水平較低,所駕馭的二手叉車幾乎每個月都有別離軸承損壞,損壞后還會損壞其他零部件,例如別離杠桿及離合器片等。

  The separation bearing of forklift clutch operates frequently, and its damage times account for a large proportion in the fault of used forklift truck. If the driver operates well and maintains in time, the bearing can be used for about 3 months, but it must be replaced in the middle repair. If the driver's technical level is low, the used forklift truck will be damaged almost every month, and other parts will be damaged after the damage, such as the separation lever and clutch piece.
  離合器別離軸承容易損壞的原因在何處?在實踐經驗中,雖曾嚴格要求司機每天給別離軸承點滴一次機油,這不只操作繁瑣,并且軸承仍經常損壞。經分析認為,因為發起機的高溫傳至別離軸承,加之軸承高速旋轉也會產生高溫,在這樣的條件下光滑機油很難存留在軸承內,軸承在高溫狀態下連續作業,并且因為光滑的條件不好,然后形成別離軸承易頻繁損壞。
  Where is the reason for the easy damage of the clutch separation bearing? In practice, although the driver was strictly required to drip oil once a day for the separation bearing, it is not only cumbersome to operate, but also the bearing is often damaged. Through analysis, it is considered that because the high temperature of the initiator is transmitted to the separation bearing and the high speed rotation of the bearing will also produce high temperature, it is difficult to keep the smooth oil in the bearing under such conditions, and the bearing works continuously at high temperature, and because the smooth condition is not good, the separation bearing is easy to be damaged frequently.
  根據以上問題,也曾實驗著將軸承放在光滑脂內加熱,使光滑脂浸透到軸承內,這樣處理后,光滑脂雖能充溢軸承,但因為經高溫處理后的光滑脂結構損壞,其功能較大幅度降低,運用此辦法效果很不理想,軸承的運用壽命也并沒有得到延伸。我們也曾用尖咀黃油槍給別離軸承直接注黃油。再裝置上車,經調查檢測,軸承的運用壽命大大延伸了。這一注油辦法收到了滿意的效果,但操作比較復雜。然后又探索在發起機不崩潰的狀況下,加注黃油,先是在475 C型發起機上試用取得成功,后又在475C型和480、492型發起機上試用,均收到了很好的效果。經重復實踐、改善,總結經驗,終形成了一套較為簡潔的注油操作辦法,具體進程如下:
濟南二手叉車
  According to the above problems, we have also experimentally heated the bearings in the grease to make the grease soak into the bearings. After this treatment, although the grease can overflow the bearings, because the structure of the grease after high temperature treatment is damaged, its function is greatly reduced. The effect of this method is not ideal, and the service life of the bearings is also very long. It has not been extended. We also used a pointed butter gun to inject butter directly into the separation bearing. After investigation and testing, the service life of the bearing is greatly extended. This oil injection method has achieved satisfactory results, but the operation is more complex. Then it explores the situation that the starter does not collapse and fills with butter. First, it succeeds in the trial of 475C starter, and then it is tested on 475C starter and 480, 492 starter, all of which have achieved good results. After repeated practice, improvement and summary of experience, a set of relatively simple operation methods for oil injection has been formed. The specific process is as follows:
  一:在發起機不崩潰的注油辦法:首要翻開離合器蓋,觀查別離軸承的磨損狀況,若承認軸承無損壞或磨損不超限,則拆下離合器踏板,調理連桿軸銷,使別離軸承及其座退回到后的位置,用尖嘴黃油槍向軸承座的孔加注黃油,直至軸承有油溢出,然后稍滾動一下軸承,再次注油,重復以上作業,直到軸承周圍都有少許黃油溢出,再使軸承滾動,調查油量,如感到軸承滾動有阻力,證明軸承內已注滿黃油。然后鏟除別離軸承座遍地溢出的少量黃油,把拆下的銷子及離合器蓋等重新組裝好。
  First, in order to prevent the engine from collapsing, the first step is to open the clutch cover and inspect the wear condition of the separation bearing. If it is admitted that the bearing is not damaged or worn out, the clutch pedal is removed and the connecting rod pin is adjusted so that the separation bearing and its seat can be retreated to the final position, and yellow is injected into the hole of the bearing seat with a pointed butter gun. Oil, until the bearing oil spills, then slightly rolling the bearing, oil injection again, repeat the above work, until there is a little butter around the bearing overflow, and then make the bearing rolling, investigate the amount of oil, if feel the bearing rolling resistance, prove that the bearing has been filled with butter. Then remove the small amount of butter spilling over from the bearing seat, and reassemble the dismantled pins and clutch caps.
  二:二手叉車發起機崩潰的注油辦法將發起機崩潰露出別離軸承與軸承座的裝配件,用尖嘴黃油槍向別離軸承座內圈下方的小油孔加油,軸承有黃油溢出時滾動軸承,直到軸承一圈都有黃油溢出即可。
  Second: The injection method of the crash of the used forklift launcher will expose the assembly parts of the separating bearing and bearing seat. The small oil hole under the inner ring of the separating bearing seat is oiled with a pointed butter gun. When the bearing has butter overflow, the rolling bearing can be used until the butter overflows in one ring of the bearings.

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