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叉車水箱高溫的影響因素有哪些?

來源:http://nukkadh.com/ 日期:2018-12-17 發布人:admin

叉車淺談引起內燃叉車水箱高溫的原因及解決辦法: 駕駛員都知道,有時候,尤其在夏天,內燃叉車的水箱會有很高溫的時候,必須停下來,這樣就影響了叉車作業,嚴重時還會損壞零部件,那有哪些原因引起叉車水箱高溫的呢?該如何解決呢?叉車通知你:

  Forklift Brief Talk about the Causes and Solutions of High Temperature in Water Tank of Internal Combustion Forklift Truck: Drivers know that sometimes, especially in summer, when the water tank of Internal Combustion Forklift truck will have a high temperature, they must stop, which will affect the operation of forklift truck, and even damage parts in serious cases. What causes the high temperature in water tank of forklift truck and how to solve it?
  叉車水溫過高的原因
  Reasons for Excessive Water Temperature of Forklift Trucks
  水溫高有許多原因:控溫開關、泵、子扇、水管銹了、回水不好等因素都會引起這樣的結現象。發動機水溫的凹凸主要是和節溫器是否正常作業、水泵能否建立滿足的壓力、冷卻電扇能否到達規范轉速有關。那如何來查看叉車水溫不正常呢?冷卻系統一般由冷卻電扇、散熱器、節溫器等元件構成。冷卻電扇往往由發動機直接帶動,而且電扇轉速與發動機轉速一致。冷卻水溫的控制主要依靠節溫器。
  There are many reasons for the high water temperature: temperature control switches, pumps, fans, rusted water pipes, poor backwater and other factors can cause such knot phenomenon. The concave and convex of engine water temperature is mainly related to whether the thermostat is working properly, whether the pump can establish the satisfied pressure, and whether the cooling fan can reach the standard speed. How to check the temperature of forklift truck is abnormal? Cooling system is generally composed of cooling fans, radiators, thermostats and other components. Cooling fans are often driven directly by the engine, and the speed of the fan is the same as that of the engine. The control of cooling water temperature mainly depends on thermostat.
  節溫器的原理
  Principle of thermostat
  節溫器又稱調溫器,功用是根據冷卻水溫度的凹凸主動調理進入散熱器的水量,改動水的循環規模,以調理冷卻系的散熱才能,確保發動機在適宜的溫度規模內作業。節溫器必須保持杰出的技術狀況,否則會嚴重影響發動機的正常作業。如節溫器主閥門開啟過遲,就會引起發動機過熱;主閥門開啟過早,則使發動機預熱時刻延伸,使發動機溫度過低。此刻可判別節溫器的作業狀況是否杰出,當發動機開端冷車作業時,水箱的上水室進水管處如還有冷卻水流出,則闡明節溫器的主閥門不能關閉;當發動機冷卻水溫度超越70攝氏度時,水箱的上水室進水管處無冷卻水流出,則闡明節溫器主閥門不能正常開啟,這時就需要進行修理。
  The function of thermostat is to actively adjust the amount of water entering the radiator according to the concave and convex temperature of cooling water, to change the scale of water circulation, to adjust the cooling capacity of the cooling system, and to ensure that the engine works in the appropriate temperature scale. The thermostat must maintain outstanding technical condition, otherwise it will seriously affect the normal operation of the engine. If the main valve of the thermostat is opened too late, the engine will be overheated; if the main valve is opened too early, the preheating time of the engine will be extended and the temperature of the engine will be too low. At this moment, we can judge whether the operation of thermostat is outstanding or not. If there is cooling water flowing out from the inlet pipe of the water tank at the beginning of the cold car operation, we can clarify that the main valve of the thermostat can not be closed. When the cooling water temperature of the engine exceeds 70 degrees Celsius, there is no cooling water flowing out from the inlet pipe of the water tank, we can clarify that the main valve of the thermostat can not be opened normally. Repair is needed.
  節溫器的查看可在車上進行,辦法如下:
  The thermostat can be checked in the car by the following methods:
  一、發動機起動后的查看:翻開散熱器加水口蓋,若散熱器內冷卻水安靜,則標明節溫器作業正常,否則,則標明節溫器作業失常。
  1. View after engine start: Open the radiator plus nozzle cover. If the cooling water in the radiator is quiet, it indicates that the thermostat works normally, otherwise, it indicates that the thermostat works abnormally.
  二、這是因為,在水溫低于70℃時,節溫器脹大筒處于縮短狀況,主閥門關閉;當水溫高于80℃時,脹大筒脹大,主閥門漸漸翻開,散熱器內循環水開端活動。
  2. This is because when the water temperature is lower than 70 C, the expanding cylinder of the thermostat is in a shortening state and the main valve closes; when the water temperature is higher than 80 C, the expanding cylinder expands, the main valve gradually opens, and the circulating water in the radiator starts to move.
  三、當水溫表指示70℃以下時,散熱器進水管處若有水活動,水溫溫熱,則表時節溫器主閥門關閉不嚴,使冷卻水過早大循環。
  3. When the water thermometer indicates below 70 C, if there is water activity in the intake pipe of the radiator and the water temperature is hot, the main valve of the thermostat is not closed tightly at the time of the meter, which makes the cooling water circulate prematurely and greatly.
濟南叉車租賃
  四、水溫升高后的查看:發動機作業初期,水溫上千很快;當水溫表指示80后,升溫速度減慢,則標明節溫器作業正常。反之,若水溫一向升高很快,當內壓到達必定程度時,沸水俄然溢出,則標明主閥門有卡滯,俄然翻開。
  4. Check after the increase of water temperature: at the beginning of engine operation, the water temperature is thousands of times fast; when the water thermometer indicates 80, the heating speed slows down, indicating that the thermostat is working normally. Conversely, if the water temperature always rises very fast, when the internal pressure reaches a certain level, the boiling water suddenly overflows, indicating that the main valve is stuck, suddenly open.
  五、在水溫表指示70℃-80℃時,翻開散熱器蓋和散熱器放水開關,用手感其水溫,若均棘手闡明節溫器作業正常;若散熱器加水口處水溫低,且散熱器上水室進水管處無水流出或流水甚微,闡明節溫器主閥門無法翻開。
  5. Open the radiator cover and radiator drain switch when the water thermometer indicates 70-80 C, and feel the water temperature with your hands. If it is difficult to clarify that the thermostat operates normally, if the water temperature at the radiator feeding nozzle is low, and there is no water flowing out or very little water flowing out at the inlet pipe of the radiator upper chamber, it is clarified that the main valve of the thermostat cannot be opened.
  水泵是冷卻水在冷卻系統中不斷循環的動力,影響水泵的因素有葉輪和皮帶,葉輪松動冷卻水就無法循環,導致水泵受損。皮帶過大,導致水溫過高,太小則會對水泵軸承、發電機軸承形成損害。
  Pump is the power of continuous circulation of cooling water in the cooling system. Impeller and belt are the factors affecting the pump. If the impeller is loose, the cooling water can not be circulated, resulting in damage to the pump. If the belt is too large, the water temperature will be too high. If the belt is too small, the bearing of pump and generator will be damaged.
  電扇風量的檢測:可將一薄紙放于散熱器前面,當發動機作業時,若紙能被吹開,則闡明風量滿足。這和前置發動機的轎車電扇向內吸風有差異。葉片不能裝反,并應確保電扇放護罩完全有效。
  Detection of fan fan flow: A thin sheet of paper can be placed in front of the radiator. When the engine is working, if the paper can be blown off, the air flow is satisfied. This is different from the inward suction of the car fan with the front engine. The blades should not be reversed, and the fan cover should be fully effective.
  散熱器方面,叉車的底盤較低,散熱器置于車輛的尾部。粉塵很容易在散熱器表面堆積,如果不及時清洗,就會嚴重影響散熱作用。冷卻水嚴禁使用“硬水”,以避免散熱器中產生水垢,導致冷卻水添加不足。
  As for radiator, the chassis of forklift truck is lower, and the radiator is placed at the rear of the vehicle. Dust can easily accumulate on the surface of radiator. If it is not cleaned in time, it will seriously affect the heat dissipation. Cooling water is strictly prohibited from using "hard water" to avoid scaling in the radiator, resulting in inadequate addition of cooling water.
  以上就是引起叉車水箱高溫的因素,更多濟南叉車租賃的相關資訊可以點擊:http://nukkadh.com,我們將竭誠為您服務!
  These are the factors that cause the high temperature of forklift truck water tank. More information about Jinan forklift truck rental can be clicked: http://nukkadh.com, we will serve you wholeheartedly!

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