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冬季叉車操作要注意哪些?

來源:http://nukkadh.com/ 日期:2019-02-25 發布人:admin

  在液壓系統油變熱前,不要操作液壓系統,否則會損壞液壓元件,嚴峻時會產生爆泵事故。合力叉車在行駛中要控制好車速,保持車距,避免緊急制動,嚴寒季節的制動間隔比平時的延長約2倍.禁止急轉向,減輕轉彎時的沖擊力,以防止剛性結構件發生斷裂。

  Before the oil in the hydraulic system becomes hot, do not operate the hydraulic system, otherwise the hydraulic components will be damaged and the pump explosion will occur in severe cases. The braking interval of forklift truck in cold season is 2 times longer than that in normal time. It is forbidden to steer sharply to reduce the impact force when turning, so as to prevent rigid structural parts from breaking.
  要做好設備的換季保養工作,檢測防凍液的冰點,使其比本地低氣溫低5℃;使節溫器開啟溫度在82℃左右;
  To do a good job of equipment seasonal maintenance, testing the freezing point of antifreeze, so that it is lower than the local minimum temperature of 5 C; make the temperature of the thermostat open at about 82 C;
  將蓄電池電解液密度上調到1.280g/cm3;及時調整機器各部用油,對野外工作的設備要加裝保溫舉措措施,必要時安裝發動機機油預熱裝置,并定時啟動發動機,預熱各部工作系統。正常啟動發動機后要有足夠的暖機時間,使其在低速輕載下運轉,直至發動機、變速器、液壓系統和終傳動中的油變熱。設備在工作時,操作鏟斗、鏟刀及各種裝置時要緩慢,禁止大油門沖擊、刮、鏟和推等,重點要求"穩"和"慢"。
  The density of battery electrolyte is increased to 1.280g/cm3; the oil used in all parts of the machine is adjusted in time; the insulation measures should be added to the equipment working in the field; if necessary, the engine oil preheating device should be installed, and the engine should be started regularly to preheat the working systems of all parts. After starting the engine normally, there should be enough warm-up time to make it run at low speed and light load until the oil in the engine, transmission, hydraulic system and final transmission becomes hot. When the equipment is working, the operation of buckets, shovels and various devices should be slow. It is forbidden to impact, scrape, shovel and push large throttles. The key requirements are "stable" and "slow".
  一開始要注意防止混入水分的雜質,根據環境溫度選擇適當粘度等級的油品,確保高、低溫工作條件下的潤滑要求。如地處南方、冬、夏季溫差都沒有北方那么大,而且氣溫低的時間也不長,氣溫也不至于低。因此,叉車有冬季和夏季都使用同一牌號的齒輪油。
  At the beginning, attention should be paid to preventing impurities from mixing into water. Oils with appropriate viscosity grade should be selected according to ambient temperature to ensure lubrication requirements under high and low working conditions. For example, the temperature difference in the south, winter and summer is not as big as that in the north, and the time of low temperature is not long, and the temperature is not so low. Therefore, forklift trucks use the same brand of gear oil in winter and summer.
濟南叉車租賃
  然后在使用中應經常檢查油量的多少。油量過多則內壓高而漏油,使得半軸油封損壞,制動失效,油量過少則使齒輪軸承潤滑不良,機件磨損加劇。
  Then the amount of oil should be checked frequently in use. Excessive oil will lead to high internal pressure and oil leakage, which will damage the oil seal of the half-axle and cause braking failure. Excessive oil will lead to poor lubrication of gear bearings and worsening of machine parts.
  后要適時檢查齒輪油的性能指標和污染情況,如超標則要更換。換油時應將齒輪箱清洗干凈再注入新油,加油量要適當。
  Finally, the performance indicators and pollution situation of gear oil should be checked timely, and if it exceeds the standard, it should be replaced. When changing oil, the gearbox should be cleaned and injected with new oil, and the amount of oil should be appropriate.
  冬季是事故高發季節,大約占全年總事故的80%,而冬季因操作失誤導致的事故達65%以上。若氣溫低于-15℃時,發動機啟動后不能立刻進行工作,而應使發動機以1000-1100r/min運轉10-15min,且變速器處于空擋。所以要定時檢查合力叉車機器的剛性連接及主要承重的部位。
  Winter is the season with high incidence of accidents, accounting for about 80% of the total accidents in the year, while in winter, more than 65% of accidents are caused by misoperation. If the temperature is below - 15 C, the engine can not work immediately after starting, but should run for 10 - 15 minutes at 1000 - 1100 R / min, and the transmission is in neutral. Therefore, the rigid connection of forklift truck and the main load-bearing parts should be checked regularly.
  以上內容由濟南叉車租賃廠家整理發布,更多詳細內容可以點擊我們的官網進行咨詢:http://nukkadh.com
  The above contents are arranged and published by Jinan Forklift Leasing Factory. More details can be consulted by clicking on our official website: http://nukkadh.com.

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