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冬季叉车操作要注意哪些?

来源:/ 日期:2019-02-25 发布人:admin

  在液压系统油变热前,不要操作液压系统,否则会损坏液压元件,严峻时会产生爆泵事故。合力叉车在行驶中要控制好车速,保持车距,避免紧急制动,严寒季节的制动间隔比平时的延长约2倍.禁止急转向,减轻转弯时的冲击力,以防止刚性结构件发生断裂。

  Before the oil in the hydraulic system becomes hot, do not operate the hydraulic system, otherwise the hydraulic components will be damaged and the pump explosion will occur in severe cases. The braking interval of forklift truck in cold season is 2 times longer than that in normal time. It is forbidden to steer sharply to reduce the impact force when turning, so as to prevent rigid structural parts from breaking.
  要做好设备的换季保养工作,检测防冻液的冰点,使其比本地最低气温低5℃;使节温器开启温度在82℃左右;
  To do a good job of equipment seasonal maintenance, testing the freezing point of antifreeze, so that it is lower than the local minimum temperature of 5 C; make the temperature of the thermostat open at about 82 C;
  将蓄电池电解液密度上调到1.280g/cm3;及时调整机器各部用油,对野外工作的设备要加装保温举措措施,必要时安装发动机机油预热装置,并定时启动发动机,预热各部工作系统。正常启动发动机后要有足够的暖机时间,使其在低速轻载下运转,直至发动机•●、变速器•●、液压系统和终传动中的油变热。设备在工作时,操作铲斗•●、铲刀及各种装置时要缓慢,禁止大油门冲击•●、刮•●、铲和推等,重点要求"稳"和"慢"。
  The density of battery electrolyte is increased to 1.280g/cm3; the oil used in all parts of the machine is adjusted in time; the insulation measures should be added to the equipment working in the field; if necessary, the engine oil preheating device should be installed, and the engine should be started regularly to preheat the working systems of all parts. After starting the engine normally, there should be enough warm-up time to make it run at low speed and light load until the oil in the engine, transmission, hydraulic system and final transmission becomes hot. When the equipment is working, the operation of buckets, shovels and various devices should be slow. It is forbidden to impact, scrape, shovel and push large throttles. The key requirements are "stable" and "slow".
  一开始要注意防止混入水分的杂质,根据环境温度选择适当粘度等级的油品,确保高•●、低温工作条件下的润滑要求。如地处南方•●、冬•●、夏季温差都没有北方那么大,而且气温低的时间也不长,气温也不至于低。因此,叉车有冬季和夏季都使用同一牌号的齿轮油。
  At the beginning, attention should be paid to preventing impurities from mixing into water. Oils with appropriate viscosity grade should be selected according to ambient temperature to ensure lubrication requirements under high and low working conditions. For example, the temperature difference in the south, winter and summer is not as big as that in the north, and the time of low temperature is not long, and the temperature is not so low. Therefore, forklift trucks use the same brand of gear oil in winter and summer.
济南叉车租赁
  然后在使用中应经常检查油量的多少。油量过多则内压高而漏油,使得半轴油封损坏,制动失效,油量过少则使齿轮轴承润滑不良,机件磨损加剧。
  Then the amount of oil should be checked frequently in use. Excessive oil will lead to high internal pressure and oil leakage, which will damage the oil seal of the half-axle and cause braking failure. Excessive oil will lead to poor lubrication of gear bearings and worsening of machine parts.
  最后要适时检查齿轮油的性能指标和污染情况,如超标则要更换。换油时应将齿轮箱清洗干净再注入新油,加油量要适当。
  Finally, the performance indicators and pollution situation of gear oil should be checked timely, and if it exceeds the standard, it should be replaced. When changing oil, the gearbox should be cleaned and injected with new oil, and the amount of oil should be appropriate.
  冬季是事故高发季节,大约占全年总事故的80%,而冬季因操作失误导致的事故达65%以上。若气温低于-15℃时,发动机启动后不能立刻进行工作,而应使发动机以1000-1100r/min运转10-15min,且变速器处于空挡。所以要定时检查合力叉车机器的刚性连接及主要承重的部位。
  Winter is the season with high incidence of accidents, accounting for about 80% of the total accidents in the year, while in winter, more than 65% of accidents are caused by misoperation. If the temperature is below - 15 C, the engine can not work imtely after starting, but should run for 10 - 15 minutes at 1000 - 1100 R / min, and the transmission is in neutral. Therefore, the rigid connection of forklift truck and the main load-bearing parts should be checked regularly.
  以上内容由济南叉车租赁厂家整理发布,更多详细内容可以点击我们的官网进行咨询:
  The above contents are arranged and published by Jinan Forklift Leasing Factory. More details can be consulted by clicking on our official website: .

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